NFPA 80 Annual Fire Door Inspections
Fire rated doors are integral components of any passive fire-protection design in the built environment. Without proper design specifications and comprehensive inspection and maintenance procedures, fire doors that fall into this latter category are significantly less likely to effectively protect the opening.
To protect against the spread of fire and smoke within, into or out of buildings, maintenance and engineering managers need to implement a preventive maintenance program for fire doors in accordance with locally adopted codes and national standards.
The NFPA claims failure to close is the most common failure mode of fire doors in actual fires. Contributing factors include: lack of maintenance; physical damage to the closure, door, guides, or tracks; and doorway blockages. Some common faults observed on swinging fire doors include inoperative latches and improperly adjusted closing devices.
The 2010 edition of the NFPA 80 mandates facilities use only labeled fire doors, and a label must be affixed permanently to the door or frame. Doors, shutters and windows must be operable at all times and kept closed and latched or arranged for automatic closing.
To minimize failures and improve reliability, NFPA 80 states, “Fire door assemblies shall be inspected and tested not less than annually, and a written record of the inspection shall be signed and kept for inspection by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ).”
Fire Door Solutions strictly follows the NFPA 80 guidelines for swinging doors with building hardware or fire-door hardware, including visual inspections of fire doors covering both sides to assess the overall condition of the assembly. Our fire door assembly inspection service not only ensures that your facility’s fire rated doors operate properly, but also ensures that all components associated with the fire door assembly are inspected as well.
Our inspections include the validation of the frame, hinges, bolts, locks, exit hardware as well as other components. We are committed to making fire door compliance easy for facility and engineering directors. As part of our fire door inspection services we educate and train your personnel on factors which identify fire doors that might have the greatest potential for failure due to high use frequency.
Fire Door Solutions inspections verifies these items:
- No open holes or breaks exist in surfaces of the door or frame.
- Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact and securely fastened, if so equipped.
- The door, frame, hinges, hardware, and non-combustible threshold are secured, aligned, and working, with no visible damage.
- No parts are missing or broken.
- Door clearances at the door edge to the frame on the pull side of the door do not exceed 1/8-inch or 3/4-inch undercut.
- The self-closing device works; that is, the active door completely closes when operated from the full open position.
- If a coordinator is in place, the inactive leaf closes before the active leaf.
- Latching hardware operates and secures the door when it is in the closed position.
- The door or frame has no auxiliary hardware items that interfere or prohibit operation.
- The door assembly has no field modifications that void the label.
- Inspections verify the integrity of gasketing and edge seals, where required.